SI 413 Fall 2023 / Project

This is the archived website of SI 413 from the Fall 2023 semester. Feel free to browse around; you may also find more recent offerings at my teaching page.


Elm is a purely functional language that is designed exclusively for making JavaScript-based web apps.

Due to the strong typing and purely functional paradigm, Elm claims to have zero run-time errors. That is, if your Elm code compiles, then the resulting JavaScript should never have a problem.

This is a pretty bold claim, but it seems to work out! The downside is that Elm programming looks very different from JavaScript or C. The upside is that the documentation and learning guides are truly excellent, and your familiarity with Scheme will get you most of the way there.

Useful Links

  • Elm homepage
  • The Elm introductory guide is impressively well-written. You can tell that the original creator of Elm now works for an online educational resources company.
  • Wikipedia page
  • I couldn't find any 99 bottles of beer program with the fully-correct lyrics, so I modified one and here it is:
    -- Original source:
    -- Modified to match the "correct" lyrics and formatting by Dan Roche, 2021
    module Proj exposing (main)
    import Html
    main =
        List.range 0 99
            |> List.reverse
                (\n ->
                        bottles beers cap =
                            if beers == 0 then
                                (if cap then "N" else "n") ++ "o more bottles"
                                String.fromInt beers ++ " bottle" ++ (if beers > 1 then "s" else "")
                        nString =
                            bottles n
                        n1String =
                            bottles (if n > 0 then n - 1 else 99)
                        action =
                            if n > 0 then
                                "Take one down and pass it around"
                                "Go to the store and buy some more"
                    [ nString True ++ " of beer on the wall, "
                    ++ nString False ++ " of beer."
                    , action ++ ", "
                    ++ n1String False ++ " of beer on the wall."
                        |> Html.text
                        |> List.intersperse ( [] [])
                        |> Html.p []
            |> Html.div []


We will use the Elm reference compiler, version available on github, version 0.19.1.

Everything you need is already installed on CS department lab machines in the /courses/roche/413/bin folder, which should be in your PATH.

To install on your virtual machine, follow the steps in this install guide.
(Aside: like the Elm language guide itself, these installer instructions are incredibly beginner-friendly and clear. Reading the Elm documentation makes me (Dr. Roche) think harder about how to make educational guides for my classes.)

How I will run your code

Elm is a bit unusual since your code will not run directly or compile to machine code, but instead your Elm program compiles to HTML and JavaScript, which is then run in a web browser.

To use the elm compiler you need to have an entire folder, but I want you to keep all of your code in one file called Proj.elm and submit that

Here is how I will compile your Proj.elm program into a web page:

mkdir -p proj/src
cp Proj.elm proj/src/
cd proj
elm make src/Proj.elm
Running these commands should create an index.html file, which I will then open in a Chrome web browser to test your code.

Phase 1 Requirements

For this language, you need to implement modifications B,C,G, and J. See the Phase 1 page for details on what this means.

Phase 2

See the Phase 2 Page for the list of suggested problems. Of the ones listed, I recommend the following as being most well-suited for LANGUAGE:

  1. Image Creator
  2. Hangman
  3. TODO list
  4. Game with hidden agenda
  5. Sports Ticker
  6. Music Maker
  7. ??? (you choose!)